Avoiding bone fractures with osteoporosis

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Avoiding bone fractures with osteoporosis

Osteoporosis continuously reduces the bone density. Therefore, the bones will inevitably become thinner and porous. Consequence: Patients suffer from bone fractures more often than others due to the so called “structural deterioration”. For patients with osteoporosis even a harmless strain or coughing attack may lead to a bone fracture. Bones that most commonly break:

  • Vertebrae
  • Thigh bone, mainly close to the hip joint
  • Upper- and lower arm bone
  • Pelvic bone, hip
  • Sacral bone
  • Rib bone
  • Sternum, Breast bone

Patients who already experienced a fracture have an increased risk of a subsequent bone fracture: For women the risk nearly doubles, for men it increases by a factor of 3.5. This has been reported in a study performed by the University of Sydney and the Prof Jacqueline Center in 2007. The first year after fracture is the most dangerous one. A subsequent fracture can happen with ease – even the slightest of strains may be too much for the weakened bone structure.

Applying therapies correctly

Patients should definitely stick to their recommended therapies and preventative measures. It is important to understand and adhere to the individual measures, tips and details given by the physician in charge. Even with osteoporosis, patients can still stick to their daily habits and regular activities with limited restrictions.

No need to hide in anxiety

There is no need to only stay at home. On the one hand, there may be several tripping hazards. These are easily removed and can reduce the risk of falling, therefore limiting possible subsequent bone fractures. On the other hand, social contacts and being able to talk about osteoporosis can have a positive therapeutic impact.

Having some sort of distraction and staying active can be helpful. Meet up with friends and family and go for a walk. You will breathe fresh air, catch some sunshine and your body can produce some vitamin D. There is no need to become an athlete, but even moderate walks can have a positive impact on strengthening your bones. You should wear sturdy shoes and comfortable clothes. Try to choose even roads without pitfalls. No matter how beautiful a walk in the woods can be, seemingly invisible sticks and stones can even trip up the most practised hiker. Have you ever tried walking around the sea or park with friends or family on even streets? Have a go! It is fantastic.

As much calcium as necessary – as little smoking as possible

The Australian study also reported that the intake of calcium can reduce the risk of subsequent bone fractures. Calcium strengthens bones. A balanced and wholesome diet is necessary to ensure that the body has enough calcium and vitamins. Adults need about 1,000 milligrams daily. If necessary, you can also take calcium tablets that are not too highly dosed (500 milligrams per day) as a supplement. Furthermore, the study reports: smoking increases the risk of bone fractures. If you are a smoker, try to reduce it or try to quit completely – no matter how hard it can be. Your bones will appreciate it.

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